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Elephant in musth

Keywords: Stock Photo Picture Africa African Bush Elephant African Safari African Wildlife Animals Arusha Region Bush Elephant Dark Continent EAC East Africa East African Community Eastern Africa Elephantidae Elephants Fauna Lake Manyara National Park Loxodonta africana Mammals Mating Musk Musth Nature Other Keywords Outdoors Pachyderm Rut Safari Savanna Elephant Style Sub-Saharan Africa Tanzania Tanzanian Safari Temporal Gland United Republic of Tanzania Vertical Wildlife

Caption:

Elephant in musth

Keywords:
Africa African Bush Elephant African Safari African Wildlife Animals Arusha Region Bush Elephant Dark Continent EAC East Africa East African Community Eastern Africa Elephantidae Elephants Fauna Lake Manyara National Park Loxodonta africana Mammals Mating Musk Musth Nature Other Keywords Outdoors Pachyderm Rut Safari Savanna Elephant Style Sub-Saharan Africa Tanzania Tanzanian Safari Temporal Gland United Republic of Tanzania Vertical Wildlife Images Pictures Pics Photographs Fotos Stock Photos
Notes:
Lake Manyara National Park, Tanzania - Adult male elephants naturally enter the periodic state called musth (Hindi for madness), sometimes spelt "must" in English. It is characterised by very excited and/or aggressive behavior and a thick, tar-like liquid secretion that discharges through the temporal ducts from the temporal glands on the sides of the head. Musth is linked to sexual arousal or establishing dominance, but this relationship is far from clear. Numerous cases of elephant goring and killing of rhinoceroses in national parks in Africa have been documented and attributed to musth in young male elephants, especially those growing in the absence of older males. Studies show that reintroducing older males into the population seem to have the effect of preventing younger males from entering musth, and therefore, stopping their aggressive behavior. A musth elephant, wild or domesticated, is extremely dangerous to humans. Domesticated elephants in India are traditionally tied to a tree and denied food and water for several days, after which the musth passes. In zoos, musth is often the cause of fatal accidents to elephant keepers. Zoos keeping adult male elephants need extremely secure enclosures, which greatly complicates the attempts to breed elephants in zoos. Although it has often been speculated that musth is linked to rut, this is unlikely, because the female elephant's estrus cycle is not seasonally-linked. Furthermore, bulls in musth have often been known to attack female elephants, regardless of whether or not the females are in heat. The Hindi word "musth" is from the Urdu mast, which in turn is from a Persian root meaning "intoxicated".
City/Location:
Lake Manyara National Park
State/Province/
Subregion:
Arusha Region
Country:
Tanzania
Camera:
Aperture:
5.6
Shutter Speed:
1/320s
ISO Setting:
800
Focal Length:
400.0mm
Image ID:
Tanzania_3034-Musth_Elephant
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